Ecumenopolis (2004-2008)
MJPG nonlinear digital film experimenting with cinema as an apparatus of memory

Ecumenopolis (from Greek: inhabited city) is a word invented in 1967 by the Greek city planner Constantinos Doxiadis to represent the idea that in the future urban areas and megalopolises would eventually fuse and there would be a single continuous world-wide city as a progression from the current urbanization and population growth trends. As Brans Stassen, the man behind the planning of Almere said himself; such a dynamic is already occurring on a regional level in Flevoland. This brings to mind Freud's text "Civilization and its discontents," and the dual archaeological model of Rome as the visible city of ruins and Pompeii as the lost city.
Before the word ecumenopolis had been coined, the American religious leader Thomas Lake Harris (1823-1906) mentioned city-planets in his verses, and science fiction author Isaac Asimov uses the city-planet Trantor as the setting of some of his books.

Ecumenopolis follows 4 years of collection: shot through a pocket digital camera, the piece is an MJPG nonlinear digital experimental documentary film trying to recompose a fictive city out of footages made in 65 cities worldwide. About 1000 short video sequences of 5 to 15 seconds are randomly selected and played from a database, generating a continuous and always renewed narrative ultimately bound to déjà vu. It is aimed as open-ended and evolving, incorporating the evolution of time.
A "video still life" of a sort, it relates to some other films' attempt in the history of cinematography to envision a city's soul, as "A propos de Nice" of Jean Vigo or "Berlin, symphony of a great city" of Walther Ruttmann.

Bush’s names in Chinese (China, 2004) (50cm x 50cm each piece)
Shanghaiese manufactured copper sheets

Context: the use of Chinese characters to represent phonetically the American president’s name in daily press allows or force Chinese journalists to attach a hidden meaning to it (since meaning is inherent to Kanji).

(Titles of each work)
- Bush = Buu-Shr
Buu-Shr, drew more negative associations than positive ones. The character, Shr, meant "assorted" (often used in things like Shr-Jeen, "combination fried rice") or "what." By itself it is a neutral word. However, there is a commonly used term, pronounced exactly the same way like Buu-Shr, meaning "dishonest", "unrealistic," or "fraudulent." So, when people hear "American President, Bush" on the television or radio it sound like "American President, flashy and without substance."

- Bush = Buu-Suu
Buu-Suu, is the least used among the three. The character, Suu, meant "special." However, there is another word that sounded similar to Suu but it meant, "to lose." Since Buu could be a different word that meant "no," Buu-Suu can be "not lose."

- Bush = Buu-She
Buu-She, broke down to Buu and She. Buu is "cloth" and is neutral in meaning. The main character in this name that draws attention is the second character, She. She is "hope". This name is completely positive because She, or hope, is a high frequency and high emotion word. This name can be associated with the characters standing for “spreading of hope" or "give hope," pronounced and appearing in exactly the same ways.


Filipino emigration series (The Philippines, 2008)
ID pictures, wood, steel, glass.

 (Titles of each works)
- Japan Visa (photo= 4,5cm x 4,5cm - head size: 28mm)
- Japan Immigration (photo= 3,5cm x 4,5cm - head size: 28mm)
- US Visa (photo= 2 inches x 2 inches - head size: 32mm)
- US Immigration (photo= 3,5cm x 4cm - head size: 26mm - half-profile)
- US Visa Non-Immigrant (2 inches x 2 inches - head size: 30mm - rice paper)
- Chinese Visa (photo= 3,3cm x 4,8cm - head size: 28mm)
- Koran Visa (3,5cm x 4,5cm - head size: 30mm)
- Saudi Arabia Visa (4cm x 6cm - head size: 30mm)
- Taiwan Visa (2,7cm x 3,5cm - head size: 27mm)
- Canadian Visa (3,5cm x 4,5cm - head size: 30mm - matt paper)

Disposable thoughts series (Japan Airlines, 2008)
Various air sickness and motion discomfort bags